With the advancement in medical technology, laparoscopy has invaded the field of surgery and associated procedures. Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive procedure done for the removal of uterus from a woman’s body.
Scope of Laparoscopic Hysterectomy
Laparoscopic hysterectomy is usually done to correct reproductive system disorders. They are usually conducted only in severe cases, when other treatment procedures are met with failure. Hysterectomy is usually not performed in women in their child bearing years. The conditions that require the procedure are as follows
- Severe endometriosis
- Fibroid growth with affects overall health.
- Heavy and abnormal bleeding
- Pelvic pain and inflammations
- Uterine prolapse
- Cancer affecting the different organs of the reproductive system.
Types of Hysterectomy
Laparoscopic hysterectomy can be performed in diverse ways depending upon the organs removed during the process. This is decided by the intensity of the cause or spread of the disease. The process can involve the removal of cervix, ovaries, tubes or a combination of these along with the removal of the womb, depending on the areas affected by disease.
The procedure of laparoscopic hysterectomy is done after sedating the patient with general anaesthesia. The procedure is minimally invasive and involves making small incisions under the navel in the abdominal area.
The abdominal cavity is then filled with gas. This is done to provide a better view and work space for the surgeon. Laparoscope, a thin tube attached with a high-resolution camera is inserted into the incision to view the inside of the body.
The surgeon performs the required removal procedure by looking at the visuals transmitted by the camera into a monitor near the operation table. The procedure requires about one or two hours for completion and varies depending on the condition of the patient.
Benefits of laparoscopic procedure
The minimally invasive procedure helps in reducing the risk factors associated with a surgery. It is virtually painless and causes much less scarring than conventional surgery procedure. The recovery period is short as well.